Geothermal Energy in India
Except for a few sporadic and half-hearted attempts Government, officially, has done practically nothing to exploit this vast reserve of FREE energy. And unlike in the sectors of wind and solar energy, no benefits or incentives have been formulated or announced to attract investment in geothermal energy and to induce private parties to explore and exploit this sector.
Given this state of affairs and the indifferent attitude of most State (local) governments to pursue geothermal sources of power, and the absence of any stand on geothermal power on the part of the Central Government, it is not surprising that on the world map India does not figure anywhere as far as geothermal power is concerned.
Mr Avinash Brahmbhatt, Managing Director of Avin Energy Systems Ltd, seems to be the only person who has made efforts to exploit geothermal energy to generate power in the State of Gujarat in Western India. He claims to have made a study of the geothermal resources of the region, identified most likely spots and prepared a detailed project report. However, for some reason or the other Government (State and Central) do not seem excited or even interested in helping (directly or indirectly) to get the project moving. In fact only private investors have, so far, shown concrete interest in promoting this geothermal power project. If in the near or distant future, geothermal power generating projects do come up all over India, it will not be due to any encouragement by Government.
The latest news is that Government of Gujarat has framed a new policy and pased a government resolution (No REP-102000-502-B) aimed at formulating an incentive policy for solar photo voltaic, geothermal, waste utilization, biomass, etc. Under this Policy
Let us see how progressive this policy proves to be.
As the situation stands, in rural areas of Gujarat power supply by GEB is drastically curtailed and even industries have to observe 2 days' staggering.
Whether prospective investors will be willing to shell out Rs. 2 lacs per MW of power intended to be produced remains to be seen.